Separation Anxiety

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Separation anxiety is a behavior, usually experienced by young children.  Children from about the age of two until the time of reasoning often experience separation anxiety.  Separation anxiety brings about behavior that is
Going Withoutsimilar to that which anyone experiences when having an anxiety attack.  In other words the child may feel sick from nothing other than being away from his mom or dad.
Some amount of separation anxiety is normal behavior.  When the separation anxiety becomes very intense, and the child experiences a great amount of difficulty being separated from his parents, this is called separation anxiety disorder .
With a separation anxiety disorder, the child develops panic attacks that exhibit the same kind of terror felt by adults who experience anxiety attacks.  The child may have a rapid heartbeat, sweaty hands, stomachache and/or headache.  He may vomit and cry uncontrollably.
Separation anxiety and dogs
As well as separation anxiety being a behavior experienced by children, it is also a behavior found in dogs.  For the same reasons the child experiences separation anxiety, so will, on occasion, a dog.  
The phenomenon of separation anxiety in dogs can usually be avoided if the owner leaves the dog alone from time to time when he is a young puppy.  This is best done by starting gradually, maybe even a few minutes at a time, and then working up to the point where the dog is comfortable being alone all day.  
A dog who experiences separation anxiety, will often times chew things in the house when he is alone.  He may also make a mess on the floor.  This is a common dog protest.    Most commonly, separation anxiety in dogs will be exhibited by those dogs that were adopted out of shelters or found homeless.
Stubborn separation anxiety disorder in children
Children who are unable to shake a case of separation anxiety disorder may be need psychotherapy.  This is because a stubborn case may be brought on by some extreme childhood trauma.  Perhaps at a very young age, the child experienced something that was terrifying to him when he didn't think he had a parent or other loved one close by.  However, in most cases a child will learn to adjust to being separated from his loved ones, and he will outgrow separation anxiety.
Try to stop separation anxiety before it starts
Parents should make arrangements, when the child is very young, to leave him with someone they trust.  At first they can leave the child for short periods of time to simply get the child used to be with someone else.  Then, they should try to leave the child in a trusted person's care for a longer period of time.  Perhaps a sleep-over at a friend or relative's house, or perhaps, leaving the child with a grandparent.  If the child becomes a custom to being in different surroundings from time to time, especially overnight, he is likely to grow comfortable with the idea and never develop separation anxiety.
It is important to remember, a strong child-parent bond is more healthy than not.  Also, bear in mind, a little separation anxiety is absolutely normal.